when is cheryl’s birthday?

maths-question

an idiot-friendly solution to cheryl’s birthday…

the first part of albert’s statement — “i don’t know when cheryl’s birthday is” — can be done away with, it is a mere statement of fact.  the second part — “but i know that bernard does not know too” — is the first important deduction albert made.

what month was albert told?

there are only four possible months, and only two possible deductions.

IF may was the month, albert would say, “bernard MAY KNOW” — if bernard was told “19” by cheryl (since there is only one day that has 19 on it, may 19.)

IF june was the month, albert would also say, “bernard MAY KNOW” — if bernard was told “18” by cheryl (since there is only one day that has 18 on it, june 18.)

IF july was the month, albert would say, “bernard DOES NOT KNOW” — if bernard was told “14”, or “16”.  he couldn’t tell because there were two 14s, july 14 and august 14; and two 16s, may 16 and july 16.

IF august was the month, albert would also say, “bernard DOES NOT KNOW” — if bernard was told “14”, “15”, or “17”; since there were two 14s, july 14 and august 14; two 15s, may 15 and august 15; and two 17s, june 17 and august 17.

bernard’s deduction:

bernard now knows from albert’s deduction — “bernard DOES NOT KNOW” — that the month albert was told was either july or august.

albert’s final deduction:

when bernard said, “I NOW KNOW,” albert immediately knew that bernard was told “16” by cheryl.  albert knows that bernard cannot say “I NOW KNOW” if he was told “14” because there are two possible days with 14, july 14 and august 14.

BUT since albert knows (cheryl told him) the month — july — he knows that bernard was not told either “15” or “17” by cheryl, which are the other two possible dates in august, which cheryl could have told bernard.

cheryl’s birthday — july 16.

that’s why it’s called a schnauzer

i met a handful of new people on our weekend vacation in siquijor.  meeting new people is not really my thing.  in fact, it is one thing in my “avoid list”.  but, it was something i was unable to avoid.

i was unable to avoid meeting this lovely, young, backpacking german couple, students from berlin — julian allgaier and louise apelt, (hmm… aliases?)

we called them over, as they were on their way out the park, and our group just settled in at a picnic table for mid-afternoon snacks.  we called them over to have some food, to which they happily obliged.

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they dug into whatever we offered them : mashed cassava sweetened with lumps of brown sugar, boiled cassava in sugar syrup, charcoal-roasted banana, glutinous rice cakes, and plain-salted steamed tulingan.  they enjoyed all the food, the company, and the conversations.

louise said that filipinos are beautiful.  in the case of germans, she said, you need to look for beautiful germans, (but she is beautiful); and the british, she said, are ugly; but the filipino face had good proportion.

“eat some more!” i replied, “here, have more food!”  so, julian added, “the filipinos are really very beautiful!”  everybody joined in, “here, have more food!”  we all had a good laugh!

when i told them i was going to write about this meeting in my blog, julian asked me the title of my blog.  he couldn’t get exactly what i was saying, so i had to spell each word out, “the” t-h-e, “stray” s-t-r-a-y, “schnauzer” s-c-h-n-a-u-z-e-r, “with no spaces in between the words.”

when i got to finish spelling schnauzer, julian was quizzical.

he said, “oh… mustache???  schnauzer is german for mustache.”  

i replied, “ahh, i see… schnauzer… it’s the dog… with a mustache… (so that’s why it’s called a schnauzer!)”

so that’s why it’s called a schnauzer!

penitensya

penitensya.  ito ang karaniwang salitang maririnig mo tuwing mahal na araw o holy week.  pagpaparusa sa sarili, sa paggaya sa pagdurusang sinapit ni kristo para sa kaligtasan ng sanlibutan.

di kinakailangang mag-penitensya.  sapat nang kabayaran ang sariling pagdurusa ni hesus, para mabayaran lahat ng pagkakautang ninuman sa kautusan.  di kinakailangang dagdagan pa ng ating pagpepenitensya, ni tularan man sa pamamagitan ng isang palabas, pakitang-tao, o pakitang-gilas.

mas mainam pa na magtiis sa init ng tanghaling araw, ng walang pagrereklamo.  may kahirapan ito, lalo’t nasanay ang katawan natin sa lamig ng mga kuwarto o sasakyang aircon.  ito marahil ang napapanahong pagpepenitensya para sa karamihan : magtiis sa init ng panahon.

ang mga mananampalatayang kristyano ang dapat nangunguna sa pagtitiis na ito, sa halip na nangunguna sa pagrereklamo sa init ng panahon.  kahit gano katindi ang init ng panahon ngayong summer, mabuti para sa isang mananampalataya ang magtiis ng kaunti.

una, dahil mas sukdulang mainit sa dagat-dagatang apoy ng impyerno, kung saan ikaw ay naligtas na, at marami sa mga di sumampalataya ay naroon at labis na nagdurusa.  di biro ang dagat-dagatang apoy : ito’y pagpapahayag ng poot ng Diyos laban sa kasalanan.  ang mananampalatayang kristyano ay ligtas na rito.  mabuting magtiis ng kaunti, sa kaunting init ng panahon.

ikalawa, dinanas na ni kristo para sa mananampalataya ang sukdulang init sa dagat-dagatang apoy ng impyerno.  ito ang binata ni kristo sa krus — matapos nito ay sinigaw nya, “tapos na!”  “ganap na!”  hindi na muling matitikman pa ninumang sumasampalataya sa kaniya, ang sukdulang init ng dagat-dagatang apoy, ng poot ng Diyos, sa impyerno.

kaunting tiis sa init ng panahon ngayong summer.  hindi malaking bagay na hingin, lalo sa isang mananampalatayang kristyano.  ikaw at ako lamang ang katunayan na si kristo ay pumarito at nagligtas ng makasalanan.